Special Purpose C-130 Hercules
The WC is able to remain airborne for nearly 15 hours. The aircraft regularly performs eleven-hour missions and covers almost 3, miles while its crew collects and reports weather data. The WCJ is configured with computerized weather instrumentation for penetration of severe storms to obtain data on movement, dimensions and intensity. A year C production forecast is available through Forecast International's Platinum Forecast System , which includes a breakout of total market unit and value statistics by manufacturer and end-user.
This real-time service also includes information on all prime and subcontractors, contract awards, worldwide inventories, a complete program history, and a rationale detailing the outlook of the program. A year C production forecast is also available in report format through Forecast International's Military Aircraft Forecast service. This data is available in Forecast International's U. Defense Budget Forecast , a comprehensive analytical database containing historical and forecast budget figures, year-to-year funding comparisons, congressional budget markups, program justification documents, and much more.
Source: U. Complete and detailed information, including production forecast data, is provided in our Market Intelligence Service: Military Aircraft Forecast. With Forecast International's U. Defense Budget Forecast , you not only get the latest program news, the DoD funding, worldwide inventories and planned quantities, long range forecasts, but most important — an expert's rationale for all programs and the overall market.
With Platinum, you can create customized assessments that quickly identify both risk and future opportunities. System types and platforms, currencies, world regions and more can all be input to collect the intelligence that you need, when you need it. Seize competitive advantage and discover what Platinum, the premier aerospace, defense, power systems and electronics market forecasting tool, can do for you.
Click here for more information and a FREE demo. C Production Forecast: A year C production forecast is available through Forecast International's Platinum Forecast System , which includes a breakout of total market unit and value statistics by manufacturer and end-user. Military Aircraft Forecast: Complete and detailed information, including production forecast data, is provided in our Market Intelligence Service: Military Aircraft Forecast.
Platinum Forecast System:. Since the older parts would be replaced with new parts as part of the AMP, the DMS issue faded during the life of that program. When the Air Force attempted to cancel the program in and airplanes were no longer being modified, the DMS issues again became a rising concern. The current fleet of CH models do not have the required avionics capabilities anticipated in certain U.
The table below provides an illustration of how many J model aircraft are expected to join the fleet between FY and FY An approach may be to look at the fleet in FY along with guidance on recapitalizing and decide what modernization steps to take. In this case, modernization efforts might be kept to a minimum and resources directed toward recapitalization.
However, by FY the USAF combat delivery fleet will still have approximately H models in the inventory, assuming the fleet size remains at current levels. These remaining aircraft may be subject to changing avionics regulations that may limit access to certain airspace. Today, these different models and cockpit configurations create significant logistics support and aircrew training inefficiencies. Also, these differences greatly complicate aircrew and aircraft scheduling and interoperability at forward operating locations.
C AMP standardizes the cockpit configurations and avionics suites for these different variants into a single cockpit configuration by installing a core avionics package with a common cockpit layout, thus eliminating many of these significant logistics, interoperability, and training problems. According to DOD, funding instability and problems integrating hardware and software, as well as an Air Force decision to exclude CE aircraft from the program, triggered a Nunn-McCurdy unit cost breach in February Prior to the decision to cancel the program, development, test, and evaluation on the program was completed including flights and 1, flight hours.
Inside Defense reported in December that the five upgraded C aircraft effectively remain idle at Little Rock Air Force Base awaiting a decision on the program. Because the avionics systems are so different, they are "unusable" for currently trained pilots, flight engineers and navigators. With the small number of AMP modified planes, new pilots are not being trained to fly them.
See appendix for a comparison of C cockpits. The FY NDAA 36 directed the Secretary of the Air Force to have the Institute for Defense Analyses conduct an independent cost-benefit analysis comparing continuing the C AMP program or upgrading and modernizing the fleet using a reduced scope program for avionics and mission planning systems. The study looked at three alternatives: 1 continue the AMP program; 2 option A; which replaces all cockpit gauges and the current self-contained navigation system SCNS ; and option B, which has fewer avionics upgrades.
All three options guarantee they comply with regulations for flying in the U. Option B also does not replace the current SCNS, which will likely need to be replaced in the future to ensure compliance with future aviation rules. The report estimated remaining acquisition cost for each of the alternatives, including research, development, test, evaluation and procurement costs.
In considering alternatives, an issue to consider is also the time it takes to field a new system.enter
Lockheed Martin C Hercules - wetowagose.tk
The AMP took over 40 months to deliver the first aircraft from contract award. Table 3. Source: W. Greer, D. Hunter, and G. The combined estimated acquisition costs with calculated operations and support savings were used to estimate the year costs in the figure below. Figure 5. It further directs the Comptroller General of the United States to submit to the congressional defense committees a sufficiency review of the cost-benefit analysis conducted by IDA by 1 April, Prohibition on cancellation or modification of avionics modernization program for C— aircraft Sec.
The performance characteristics of C-130 Hercules
The House bill contained a provision Sec. The House report accompanying H. The Senate committee-reported bill contained no similar provision. The Senate report accompanying S. The agreement includes the House provision with an amendment that would add a requirement that the Comptroller General conduct a sufficiency review of the cost-benefit analysis conducted under Section b of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year P. This is in lieu of a recommendation for additional procurement funding in fiscal year , since procurement funding for modernizing C— avionics would be premature.
This request supports the FY IDA C AMP study recommendation to pursue a reduced scope program although it does not specifically identify an alternative program. This may impact future upgrade requirements. The USN has decided to upgrade its fleet of older CT with new avionics to comply with future aviation regulations and provide the aircraft with expanded capabilities.
The first of these upgrades was recently completed by BAE Systems, which included replacing 43 obsolete analog gauges with two flat panel digital displays and prepared the aircraft for the follow on Avionics Obsolescence Upgrade AOU program. Additional elements are provided by the government to be integrated into the final modification. The goal of this approach is to reduce total life cycle costs by leveraging existing modernization programs and proven technology.
The program is scheduled to reach initial operational capability with delivery of the first three modified aircraft in As of February , two aircraft have been modified. The last two phases are the Block 7. In order to better manage the fleet and to avoid simultaneous upgrades the USAF has combined Block 7. Once complete, these upgrades will bring the CJ fleet into compliance with currently forecasted aviation regulations. A key issue in any aircraft fleet is the structural service life of the airframe. The structural service life relates the time after production during which the aircraft structural components exceed minimum acceptable safety standards when routinely maintained.
Structural service life is impacted by several factors including corrosion, mission severity, and structural fatigue. A major modification currently being accomplished on the C fleet to extend the service life is the replacement of the center wing box, a critical fatigue component of the C fleet due to the stresses of flying missions over such a long period of time.
The center wing box is attached to the fuselage and forms the center section of the wing. Two outer wing sections connect to the left and right ends of the center wing. Note: Illustration depicts Center Wing Box; current modifications also include wing section between outboard engines. There have been problems historically with fatigue cracking of the center wing on Special Operations Forces SOF aircraft in the early s and on the combat delivery fleet in The implementation of these limits led to the numerous aircraft being grounded or restricted in To date, center wings have been replaced on USAF aircraft.
Fifty center wings were replaced with ESL center wings on special mission aircraft from , and 77 center wings have been modified on special mission and combat delivery aircraft since with 37 aircraft receiving ESL center wings and 40 aircraft receiving standard center wings. The Coast Guard has identified six aircraft to undergo center wing box replacement. The first was completed in August , in partnership with the Air Force.
The Navy is currently estimating retirement of the H model aircraft in the Navy prior to them needing center wing box replacements. Current recapitalization efforts center on the CJ model. The CJ is the newest model aircraft and the only version still in production. Although similar in appearance to earlier models, the J model has more powerful Rolls-Royce engines and advanced avionics including a heads-up display with a digital backbone versus the analog instrumentation on the older H models.
Other notable differences, according to the Air Force, include improved reliability, maintainability, greater capacity, and the removal of two aircrew members navigator and engineer. Deliveries of the first aircraft began in Since then, over aircraft have been delivered to the U. The illustration below gives a review of the increased capability the CJ provides over legacy models. Under annual contracting, DOD uses one of more contracts for each year's worth of procurement. Under MYP, DOD instead uses a single contract for two to five years' worth of procurement without having to exercise a contract option for each year after the first year.
To illustrate the basic difference between MYP and annual contracting, consider a hypothetical DOD program to procure 20 single-engine aircraft of a certain kind over the five-year period FYFY, at a rate of four aircraft per year:. In practice, actual savings from using MYP rather than annual contracting can be difficult to observe or verify because of cost growth during the execution of the contract due to changes in the program independent of the use of MYP rather than annual contracting. DOD listed the following benefits to the government from a multi-year procurement, which have generally been accepted without contention:.
Multi-year procurement has been used previously for C acquisition. This commitment was for 62 aircraft covering six years of procurement. The proposed production timeline by variant is listed in the figure below. For the combat delivery fleet, the Air Force plans to recapitalize the entire active duty fleet. Assuming current guidance remains the same; the active duty fleet would consist entirely of approximately CJs by FY While providing general recommendations, the most current airlift analysis, MCA, did not list how many of each type of aircraft are required to execute the current defense strategy.
While the current recapitalization plan appears to fall short of this number, there may be justification to continue procurement of CJs beyond the current number of approximately combat delivery models. If CJ procurement was to stop at this point, there may be significant interest in what capabilities the future Guard and Reserve CH fleets will have. This may be magnified by slowing modernization efforts in the short term.
Navy Reserve. As of February , 46 KCJs had been delivered to the active duty with only 5 remaining to replace the entire active duty force. The current fleet has an average age of 28 years, making the HCHs increasingly difficult to maintain and sustain operationally. In the current debate over strategy, and in the context of current budget limitations, opportunities may emerge to analyze the current force structure and decide how much tactical airlift is required to achieve national goals. While not suggesting a specific number, the MCA analysis did determine that there is currently a surplus of capability in the C fleet.
It's how we deploy the fleet and who operates it," he said. While "there is disagreement on the total numbers, I think we'll land right about the number," he said. This would be a reduction of approximately 40 aircraft. He also suggested adjustments to the Air Mobility Command force structure. His preference was to preserve the actual aircraft in the inventory and achieve savings by changing how they are operated including moving some to the Guard and Reserve.
A major consideration when adjusting the fleet size or mix is the resultant Active, Guard, and Reserve mix. The MCA report cautions that any adjustments should be made with due consideration to that mix and with dwell rates 60 in mind. Both divesting aircraft and transferring them between components involves both financial and political considerations but, from the perspective of implementing national strategy, perhaps the most important consideration is maintaining the proper capabilities mix to meet future requirements.
One important variable in determining future force structure is the rate of aircraft retirement. The following chart illustrates the historic rate at which the Air Force has retired aging Cs. In recent years the rate has declined in part due to congressional limits on force structure.
Samson’s Wings: Israel’s New C-130 Hercules Fleets
If the rate continues at a relatively low level, the Air Force may be challenged with continuing costs associated with maintaining the aging fleet. C basing has been a contentious issue. Over half the states in the country have a C unit within their borders. The states with C Air Guard units are also assigned responsibilities within the state. Balancing the roles and missions of each unit and how they support the defense strategy directly influences basing decisions.
With some C Air National Guard bases employing over 1, civilians in support of the base operations, it is a major concern when force structure and basing issues are addressed. There may be opportunities to address force structure concerns by creating or growing associate units. However, the Air Force does not appear to be moving in that direction.
Unit associations link Reserve component units to active duty units. The goal is to combine unit strengths and increase overall effectiveness. For instance, the active duty has young pilots who need training and the Reserve component typically has a very experienced pilot base.
- The C-130: Incorporating State of the Art Technology.
- C Hercules Case Study | Field Aerospace - Field Aerospace?
- The C Hercules is the perfect airlifter.
Matching these two units may result in some synergies in regards to pilot training. There are three types of unit associations within the Air Force:. In , the Air Force, in an effort to achieve more cooperation between Active and Reserve forces and in response to the Base Realignment and Closure Directive, directed the first Air Force Reserve C unit to form an active association with an active duty unit at Pope Air Force Base.
The current force structure utilizes the Active Association at the following bases:. If these moves are approved the overall concept of the active association in the C fleet may be significantly altered. Adding to the discussion of associations is the current rate of recapitalization of the active duty CH force. There may be no CH aircraft assigned to the active duty as soon as FY This may decrease the availability of H model aircraft since active duty aircrews will not be qualified to fly them if demand increased.
The Air Force FY budget proposal has significant impacts on Guard and Reserve basing by closing some Active Associates and reducing aircraft at several bases. Additionally, as the active duty Air Force transitions to an all CJ fleet there may be significant impacts on Reserve Component training, maintenance, operations, and manning. The distribution of combat delivery Cs assigned to the active duty, Air National Guard, and Air Force Reserves has recently been the focus of congressional oversight hearings and generates several concerns regarding force structure and manning.
The distribution of these aircraft is illustrated in the figure below. Operational mix refers to how different capabilities are combined to achieve the desired overall effect in accomplishing the military mission. In regards to a fleet composed of different variants of the same aircraft, how they are distributed between the components affect how they support the overall mission. As new production aircraft enter service, debate arises on which units will receive the newest aircraft. In terms of fleet management, it is generally more economical to recapitalize units as a whole rather than to assign aircraft piecemeal throughout the force.
The majority of these new aircraft went to Reserve component units leaving the older CE aircraft in the Active component. When the CJ production began, a large number of these aircraft were assigned to the active duty to replace the aging CE aircraft. This began a disparity between the Active and Reserve component fleets which remains today. If current plans are followed, that disparity will grow. Notes: Numbers reflect a snap shot in time of unit possessed aircraft and include special missions aircraft. Figure This alternative increases the capability of a fleet during periods of long-term steady state operations without altering the fully mobilized capability.
Returning to the graphic above, if the force is continually tasked move left on the diagonal line , even below surge levels, the availability of the RC on short notice could become an issue, making a case for more AC forces. The reverse is also true. If the assumption is made that future steady state operations will be less demanding, the case for more RC forces is strengthened.
The statement regarding mobilized capability refers to the assumption that RC forces are not activated during the long-term steady state operation. If the RC forces were activated, then dwell-rates may increase costs. Create More Associate Units: If greater access to C aircraft is needed to meet daily operational demands over sustained periods, the creation of more associate units in which AC flight crews are assigned to fly RC aircraft is a reasonable option. Again the assumption is that a continually tasked force would experience difficulty with RC availability and more specifically aircrew availability.
If AC aircrews are assigned within the RC unit they would be able to augment the RC aircrew and increase availability of the aircraft since there will be more crews available to fly. Modernization or recapitalization decisions will likely have manpower implications throughout the USAF components. The CJ models have a crew size of three. This includes two pilots and a loadmaster. The current CH models have a minimum crew of five, adding a navigator and an engineer to the crew. There are modernization options like AMP that eliminate the requirement for the navigator on CH models.
Additionally, recapitalizing a unit with CJs would eliminate the need for engineers and navigators as well as a percentage of whatever manpower support functions the base has for these positions. Hence, recapitalization or modernization decisions will likely impact base manning requirements at some level. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company has been the primary contractor for the C since the first production contract for two YCA prototypes in September The following chart is a list of the contractor and government activities for the C program.
A potential issue with the C program is the long lead times associated with production. Answer: Its Many Features! From the Aviation. In its personnel carrier role, the C can accommodate 92 combat troops or 64 fully-equipped paratroopers on side-facing, webbed seats. For aero-medical evacuations, it can carry 74 litter patients and two medical attendants. The second method, called the Container Delivery System CDS , uses the force of gravity to pull from one to 16 bundles of supplies from the aircraft. When the bundles, weighing up to 2, pounds kg each, are out of the aircraft, parachutes deploy and lower them to the ground.
LAPES is the third aerial delivery method. With LAPES, up to 38, pounds 17,kg of cargo is pulled from the aircraft by large cargo parachutes while the aircraft is five to 10 feet 3m above the ground. The load then slides to a stop within a very short distance. Hydraulic Systems — Four engine-driven pumps supply 3, psi pounds per square inch pressure to the utility and booster systems.
- Shop the drive?
- Ted Hughes: From Cambridge to Collected.
- Handbook of Public Pedagogy: Education and Learning Beyond Schooling (Studies in Curriculum Theory Series).
- C-130J-SOF Special Mission Aircraft.
- About the Aircraft.
An electric AC motor-driven pump supplies pressure to the auxiliary system and is backed up by a hand pump. Several military operators use the civilian version of the Hercules, which bears the Lockheed designation L Certificated in February , the basic L was broadly equivalent to the CE, without pylon tanks or military equipment. The L has a full foot 4. Roles and Variants. Other Special Projects or Interesting Events. The aircraft was equipped with lift rockets slanting downward, slowdown rockets facing forward, missile motors facing backward, and still more rockets to stabilize the plane as it touched down.
The mission — land in a Tehran soccer stadium, rescue 53 American hostages held captive in Iran, and then make a quick getaway! Two aircraft received these special modifications and were re-designated YMCH. Edleson, Michael E. November 17, Findlay, M. August, Green, William compiler and Punnett, Dennis silhouette artist. London and New York.
Haloulakos, G. CFA Charterholder. BS, MBA. Finance Chair — National University. United States International University. Haloulakos, George A.
C-130 Hercules – video
Page Spartan Research and Consulting, Inc. Bellevue, WA. ISBN: UCSD Bookstore. Haloulakos, V. Aerospace Engineer, Scientist and Professor. August 12, December 4, December 10, Mitchell, Gordon. Scott, Kelly. He was proud to be a part of the simulation testing and its connection with the C Hercules! On August 23, the C marks the 60th anniversary of its maiden flight.